Rural to Urban Migration: 2020 Urban Learning Brief for Mission Staff
By 2050, more than two-thirds of the world’s population will live in urban areas and most of the urban growth will occur in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
By 2050, more than two-thirds of the world’s population
will live in urban areas and most of theurban growth
will occur in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.A major driver of this urban
growth is migration, aspeople move from rural areas to cities in
pursuit ofeconomic opportunities. Common factors that drivemigrants
to cities include family ties, natural disasters(e.g. floods and
drought), or political upheaval (e.g.conflict) push factors. This urbanization
will create a sharp demand for land, infrastructure, and services in urban
Big cities are major destinations for internal migration,
but secondary cities are becoming increasinglyimportant places
for population and economic growth. These cities can take the pressure off overcrowded
capital cities. As a result, some national governments are promoting
development of secondary cities through special economic zones.
It is imperative to pay attention to the evolving relationship
between urban and rural places – including the bi-directional flow of people,
goods, and services. A better understanding of the social and economic linksbetween rural and urban areas is essential to unlock the poverty
reduction potential of urbanization.