Illustrative Actions

Inclusive Planning

Formulate evidence-based plans and actions, in consultation with relevant communities, that consider past and future shocks and stressors

Build city capacity for data collection, interpretation, and use in planning

Engage communities in data collection processes

Support locally led resilience planning process that incorporates context and local knowledge

Promote learning through monitoring of resilience activities


Align diverse actors, policies, and strategies for coordinated action to strengthen urban governance

Map local government entities to mandates, authority, and funding to identify key focus area partners and cross-sector synergies 

Support land-use planning, and development and enforcement of zoning regulations to address anticipated shocks and stressors.

Align subnational and national resilience strategies and policies.

Improve public participation, inclusion of marginalized and underrepresented groups, and enable demand-response links between the public and local governments.


Unlock financial capital and budget to ensure resources to initiate and sustain contextually appropriate actions to promote resilience

Build municipal capacity to financially structure resilience projects, including blended finance solutions

Facilitate cities’ access to international finance

Support cities in integrating resilience into capital plans and budgets

Explore new financing instruments to support city action on resilience

Increase own-source revenue generation to support resilience measures

Social Capital

Build social capital and strengthen existing social bonds by deepening social systems that facilitate collective action in response to shocks and stressors

Build the capacity of civil society organizations, including those serving youth, women, and marginalized populations, to be aware of, and respond directly to, community needs

Redesign public spaces to encourage interactions that build community among residents  

Emphasize and leverage local expertise and networks in design and implementation of projects

Natural Capital

Restore and protect natural capital, and use natural assets to withstand shocks and address vulnerabilities

Assist cities to integrate nature-based solutions in urban planning and resilience strategies 

Facilitate city access to funds needed to implement nature-based solutions, including blended finance

Promote nature-based solutions by translating location-specific evidence into actionable insights for policymakers