VIetnam’s growing urban populations, demand for consumer goods, and dependencies on single-use plastics continue to outpace its waste system capacities, leading to increased environmental leakage. Vietnam has a coastline of over 2,100 miles and contains the deltas of the  Mekong and Red Rivers, where tons of plastics are picked up from communities along their paths and ultimately flow through to the ocean.

Through USAID’s Municipal Waste Recycling Program (MWRP), eight MWRP grantees support market-driven, women-led, locally scalable, and government-endorsed improvements to solid waste management (SWM) in seven cities across Vietnam. These grants have directly benefited nearly two million individuals via improved SWM services and practices.

USAID’s Clean Cities Blue Ocean (CCBO) program will aim to build on MWRP’s successes and support Vietnam’s National Action Plan on Marine Plastic Debris Management until 2030, issued in late 2019. The national plan includes efforts to: scale good practices in plastic waste collection, separation, transportation, and treatment in coastal and marine areas; facilitate the development of suitable solid waste storage facilities and collection sites; mobilize international and private sector partnerships to produce alternative products, increase recycling, and shift to a circular economy and green growth; and research, develop, apply, and transfer technologies and techniques to treat and minimize ocean plastics. CCBO will focus work in Phú Quốc, Da Nang, Bien Hoa, and Hue City.

Key Statistics
More than 39
Million pounds of plastic waste generated each day
Only 40-60%
Of waste is secured in landfills in some areas


While CCBO is global in scope, the program will build on previous USAID recycling programs such as the Municipal Waste Recycling Program through an initial focus on key countries in Asia and Latin America.
Dominican Republic, Indonesia, Maldives, Peru, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam
Providing grants and technical assistance for promising solid waste management and waste recycling efforts in urban and peri-urban areas With rapid global population growth and urbanization, municipal waste generation is expected to rise to 2.2 billion tons per year by 2025 according to the World Bank. Much of this waste…
Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam

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